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Stress Analysis in the Design of Bicycle Infrastructure



 
 
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Old Today, 03:09 AM posted to rec.bicycles.tech
John B.[_3_]
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Default Stress Analysis in the Design of Bicycle Infrastructure

On Sun, 20 Aug 2017 17:18:30 -0700, sms
wrote:

On 8/20/2017 8:14 AM, wrote:
On Saturday, August 19, 2017 at 7:36:55 AM UTC-7, Joerg wrote:
On 2017-08-18 19:17, sms wrote:

[...]


The People's Republic of Berkeley did something really smart, they base
parcel taxes on square feet, not parcels. So a 100 unit apartment
building doesn't get away with paying one parcel tax while a 100 unit
condo complex pays 100 parcel taxes. That change to the the tax system
passed 88% to 12%.


So how much did that increase the affordability of apartments?


I was talking to a CPA yesterday, and she was explaining what is really
wrong with California when it comes to small businesses. It's how
expensive it is to operate as an LLC, and the dual taxation you're
subjected to. The purpose of an LLC is to put a wall between the
businesses assets and the business owner's personal assets. But the cost
of operating as an LLC is so high in California that she advises people
to just operate as a sole proprietorship and to buy a very large
umbrella insurance policy to protect their personal assets, because the
umbrella policy will cost a lot less than paying taxes as an LLC. Jay
would know more about this than I do!


That is exactly what people here are doing :-)

Others go a step further, packing it up and moving the business out of
state. Or they lose out against out of state businesses in the
marketplace. This also evidences itself in where my clients are. A
decade ago most were in California. Now most are in the Houston area.


Wouldn't you think that taxation of rental properties would be better tied to rents rather than property values?


That's fine too.

When I've written the local paper that the business atmosphere is driving business out of California the responses are that business growth in California has never been higher. Yet even Elon Musk built his battery plant in Nevada.


The responses are logical. A single example of a manufacturer building a
factory in another state is not evidence of anything. Nevada is giving
$1.3 billion to Tesla in return for the factory locating there.

Unlike the Tesla automobile factory, which is benefiting other local
businesses, suppliers and service providers (hard to find a machine shop
to do small jobs anymore in Fremont), the battery factory will not
create many jobs from suppliers and service providers. Nevada is
estimated to lose $183,000 per job that is created.


On the other hand, a concerted drive by the southern states in the
U.S. after WW II to attract industries by offering tax rebates, lower
cost of living and thus lower labour costs and right to work laws thus
limiting Union power, did result in northern industries moving to
other states. The first Toyota plant was built in Georgetown,
Kentucky, not Detroit.

If Nevada continues to offer reductions in industrial costs it will
attract more and more business. Which may or may not come from
California.
--
Cheers,

John B.

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